The Diagnostic of Skilled Migration between Algeria and Germany

The Osmosis Theory Analysis


  • Prof. Dr. Samir Djelti Mustapha Stambouli University
  • Dr. Yasmine Musette Abderrahmane Mira University, Algeria
  • Ms. Hafidha Lahmeri Mustapha Stambouli university-Algeria



labour migration, skill partnerships, Algeria, Germany, Osmosis Theory


The aim of this paper is to diagnose skilled migration between Algeria and Germany in the context of the global race of talents. The osmosis theory of human migration has been adopted to demonstrate that skilled migration is not significantly different from global migration movements. Moreover, the results have shown that migration between the two countries is guided by the natural determinants of human migration. In the same vein, borders permeability diagnostics have shown that networks are weak and control policies are severe. Despite this low selective permeability, expectancy of young Algerians to migrate to Germany is very important. This paper has been concluded by an overview about the evolution of German language learning in Algeria, which can be an efficient tool to strengthen migration networks and, consequently, make borders more permeable and skilled migration more beneficial.

Author Biographies

Prof. Dr. Samir Djelti, Mustapha Stambouli University

Dr. Samir Djelti is a professor for economics in the Department of Economics of the Faculty of Economics at the Mustapha Stambouli University Mascara, Algeria.

Dr. Yasmine Musette, Abderrahmane Mira University, Algeria

Dr. Yasmine Musette has a PhD in management from Abderrahmane Mira University, Algeria.  

Ms. Hafidha Lahmeri, Mustapha Stambouli university-Algeria

Hafida Lahmeri is a PhD student in the Department of Economics of the Faculty of Economics at the Mustapha Stambouli University Mascara, Algeria.


L’Agence Nationale de l’EMploi (2021).

Arab Barometer. (2022). The largest repository of publicly available data on citizens' views in MENA. [Database]. Available from

Benabdallah, Y. (2006). Croissance économique et dutch disease en Algérie. Les cahiers du CREAD, 22(75), 9-41.

Chekouri, S. M., Chibi, A., & Benbouziane, M. (2017). Algeria and the natural resource curse: oil abundance and economic growth. Middle East Development Journal, 9(2), 233-255.

Chibi, A., Chekouri, S. M., Benbouziane, M., & Boulila, H. (2022, February). Essays on Fiscal Sustainability in Algeria. Economic Research Forum (ERF). (n.d.). Algérie. Pyramide des âges [Algeria. Age pyramid]. Retrieved November 24, 2023, from

Djelti, S. (2014-2015). Migration internationale et développement en Algérie [International migration and development in Algeria]. [Thèse de doctorat en science économiques, Université de Tlemcen].

Djelti, S. (2017a, March 2-4). The evolution of the human migration determinants [Paper presentation]. International Conference on Crossing Boundaries: Youth, Migration, and Development, Ifran, Morocco.

Djelti, S. (2017b). Osmosis: The unifing theory of human migration. Revue Algérienne d'Economie et de Management, 8(2), 48-59.

Djelti, S., Ahmed, M. H., & Guellil, M. S. (2021). Migration networks and the Moroccan tourism: A panel data analysis. Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa, 32, 130-147.

Djelti, S., & Zapata-Barrero, R. (2024). Transnational Migrant Entrepreneurship Policies in the Maghreb Countries: Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. Migrations in the Mediterranean, 403.

Fragomen. (2022). World Migration Trends.

Haddam - Bouabdallah, F. (2022). The linguistic situation vs education in post-colonial Algeria. Revue plurilingue: Études des Langues, Littératures et Cultures, 6(1), 83-90.

Haidt, J. (2012). The righteous mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion. Vintage.

Harris, J. R., & Todaro, M. P. (1970). Migration, unemployment and development. A two-sector analysis. American Economic Review, 60(1), 126-42.

International Monetary Fund. (2023). ALGERIA: 2022 Article IV consultation- press release and staff report (IMF Country Report No. 23/68).

Lewis, W. A. (1954). Economic development with unlimited supplies of labour. The Manchester School, 22(2), 139-191.

Maamri, M. R. (2009). The syndrome of the French language in Algeria. International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 3(3), 77-89.

Massey, D. S., Arango, J., Hugo, G., Kouaouci, A., Pellegrino, A., & Taylor, J. E. (1993). Theories of international migration. A review and appraisal. Population and Development Review, 19(3), 431-466.

OECD (2015), International Migration Outlook 2015, Éditions OCDE, Paris,

OECD. (2022) Data. [Database] Available from

OECD (2023a). What is the best country for global talents in the OECD?

OECD. (2023b) Data. [Database] Available from

Piore, M. J. (1979). Birds of passage. Migrant labor in industrial societies. Cambridge University Press.

Sadouki, F. (2020). Examples of cross-linguistic influence in learning German as a foreign language. The case of third-year students of foreign languages at Al-Kawakibi secondary school in Touggourt, Algeria. Edulingua, 6(1).

SAHWA. (2015). Researching Arab Mediterranean Youth. Towards a New Social Contract.

Sjaastad, L. A. (1962). The costs and returns of human migration. The Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 80-93.

Stark, O., & Bloom, D. E. (1985). The new economics of labor migration. American Economic Review, 75(2), 173-178.

Statista. (2023). Empowering people with data. [Database]. Available from

UNDESA. (2019). International Migrant Stock.

Wallerstein, I. (1974). The modern world-system. Capitalist agriculture and the origins of European world-economy in the sixteenth century. Academic Press.

World Bank. (2023). Data. [Data base]. Available from

Yamina, H. (2009). Sprachen und Bildungspolitik in Algerien [Languages and educational policy in Algeria]. Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics PLUS, 38, 120-129.




How to Cite

djelti, samir, Musette, Y., & Lahmeri, H. (2023). The Diagnostic of Skilled Migration between Algeria and Germany: The Osmosis Theory Analysis. Quarterly on Refugee Problems - AWR Bulletin, 62(4), 398–414.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.